“苏塔廷内斯(Sutartinės)”是立陶宛东北部女歌手演唱的一种复调音乐形式(苏塔廷一词来自与“sutarti”,包含着“和谐”、“用和声演唱”的意思)。这些歌曲旋律简单,有二至五个音高,并包含两个完全不同的部分:一部分是富有意义的主歌,另一部分是副歌,可能包含着无意义的词。表演苏塔廷内斯有近四十种不同的风格和方式。主要方式可以由两名歌手并行演唱;或三名歌手按严格的卡农法,同时交错演唱旋律的两部分;或由两组歌手演唱,一组歌手的领唱演唱主歌,她的合作伙伴演唱副歌,第二组随之予以重复。歌词富有诗意,涵盖的主题包括工作、节日仪式、婚礼、家庭、战争、历史和日常生活等。编舞并不复杂,动作较温和,常常较为严肃,比如手臂交叠并跺脚绕圈或走星形。苏塔廷内斯在庄严的场合,以及节日、音乐会和社交聚会上进行表演。表演促进了文化价值的共享,并给予人们文化认同感、历史感以及自尊。苏塔廷内斯的演唱者通常是妇女,而男性演奏排箫、角、长木号、长笛和弹拨琴。

Sutartinės is a kind of polyphonic music form sung by female singers in northeastern Lithuania (the word Sutartinės comes from Sutarti and contains the meaning of harmony and Singing with Harmony). These songs are simple in melody, have two to five pitches, and contain two completely different parts: part is a meaningful main song, the other part is a chorus, and may contain meaningless words. There are nearly 40 different styles and ways to perform Sutartinės. The main way can be sung in parallel by two singers, or three singers according to strict cannon law, while staggered singing the two parts of the melody, or by two groups of singers, a group of singers singing the main song, her partner singing the chorus, the second group will be repeated. The lyrics are poetic and cover topics such as work, festive rituals, weddings, family, war, history and everyday life. Choreography is not complicated, moves milder, and is often more serious, such as overlapping arms and stomping around the circle or walking star shape. Sutartinės performs on solemn occasions, as well as at festivals, concerts and social gatherings. Performances promote the sharing of cultural values and give people a sense of cultural identity, history and self-esteem. Sutartinės ‘s singers are usually women, while men play flute, horns, long wooden numbers, flutes and plucked harps.

 

 

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