库普雷斯市最重要的社会活动是每年7月在一个名为Strljanica的特定草地上举行的割草比赛,这也是该习俗的当地名称。比赛包括用镰刀手动割草,评判标准是割草的时间、精力和数量,因为在该高度割草需要力量和特殊技术。前三名的割草机得到认可,首席割草机被视为领导者,负责确保所有田地的成功割草,为牲畜收集干草;农业和养牛是该地区经济的重要组成部分。从18岁开始,男性传统上是竞争对手,这种因素在家庭中从父亲传给儿子。妇女们耙草,为客人准备食物。与比赛有关的其他因素包括民族服装、镰刀的锻造以及为比赛准备牲口。Kupres的所有民族和宗教团体和个人都可以自由参与,这种习俗被认为是该地区文化身份的基础,而不考虑人们的背景。承载者本身和库普雷斯割草机协会对保护该元素负有最大责任。

2020年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

The most important social event in the Kupres municipality is the annual mowing competition that takes place in July at a specific meadow called Strljanica, which is also the local name for the custom. The contest involves the manual mowing of grass using a scythe and is judged by the time, effort and amount mown as cutting grass at that altitude requires strength and a special technique. The top three mowers are recognized, with the chief mower treated as a leader who ensures the successful mowing of all the fields to gather hay for the cattle; agriculture and cattle breeding are essential parts of the area’s economy. Men, starting from the age of eighteen, are traditionally the competitors, with the element being transmitted within families from father to son. Women rake the grass and prepare food for guests. Other elements linked to the competition include national costumes, the forging of scythes and the preparation of cattle for competition. All ethnic and religious groups and individuals in Kupres are free to participate, with the custom being considered as a foundation of the area’s cultural identity, regardless of people’s background. The bearers themselves and the Kupres Mowers Association are most responsible for safeguarding the element.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2020.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region.

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