10月12日,一年一度的拉罗梅里亚庆典纪念扎波潘圣母的形象,这一传统可以追溯到1734年。这一天标志着每年仪式周期的最后阶段,通常被称为“抬圣母”,从5月开始,包括许多社区和礼拜活动。循环结束后返回扎波潘的大教堂。超过200万人参加了这个节日,其中一个主要特点是不同的本土舞蹈团体的大量出现和参与。从仪式循环中衍生出来的搬运(“La Llevada”)和活动包括一场大规模的公共,在中,街道和公共空间成为社区的仪式节日,以集体协作的不同艺术表达为特色。全年,活动的规划取决于不同社区的互动,帮助他们更新和加强社会关系。由于社区年复一年地支持这一做法,拉罗梅里亚被认为是墨西哥西部最受欢迎和根深蒂固的传统之一。通过有组织的民间和教会团体,承载者和实践者社区确保了这种文化表现形式的生存。

2018年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

The annual celebration of La Romería on 12 October, honouring the image of the Virgin of Zapopan, is a tradition that dates back to 1734. The day marks the final phase of the annual ritual cycle popularly known as ‘The Carrying of the Virgin’, which begins in May and encompasses many community and liturgical activities. The cycle ends with the return journey to the Basilica, in Zapopan. More than two million people take part, and one of the main features of the festivity is the huge presence and participation of different native dancer groups. The carrying (“La Llevada”) and the activities derived from the ritual cycle encompass a mass public demonstration in which the streets and public spaces become a ritual festival for the community, featuring different artistic expressions of collective collaboration. Throughout the year, the planning of the activities depends on the interaction of different communities, helping them to renew and reinforce their social ties. Thanks to the community’s support for the practice year after year, La Romería is considered as one of the most popular and strongly rooted traditions in west Mexico. Through organized civil and ecclesiastical groups, the community of bearers and practitioners has ensured the survival of this cultural manifestation.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2018.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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