在乌拉圭蒙得维的亚省南部的苏尔、巴勒莫和科登县,居住着非洲裔人民,那里每个星期天和许多节日里都回响着冈东贝(Candombe)鼓声。冈东贝的活动围着公共火堆进行,人们聚集到一起,协调好他们的鼓声,准备开始行进。起步之后,鼓声召集的队列由最有声望的人们带领,这些家庭的鼓乐演奏世世代代受到社会的承认;其他鼓手有组织地排在后面,非正式的参与者、舞蹈者和观看者随着队伍行进,或在看台上观看。最大最低沉的鼓的击打,因三个相邻的区域而有所区别,这样,冈东贝活动有组织的召唤和回应结构既可以团结社区,又可以代表他们各自的身份。随着非洲裔家庭之间的传承,冈东贝成为了公认的表达抵抗的形式,也是一种乌拉圭人的音乐庆典和集体的社会活动,这种活动与这些区域的日常生活深深地交织在一起。它也是社会群体的记忆的象征和表现,在特殊的日子里,让从前的居民重温冈东贝鼓所蕴涵的历史意义。

Drums Candombe are played every Sunday and every festival in the districts of sur, Palermo and cordon, in the southern province of Montevideo, which are inhabited by African americans. Gundong-bays event took place around a public fire, as people gathered to tune in to their drums and get ready to start moving. After starting out, the procession of drums was led by the most prestigious people, whose families played drum music that was recognized by society for generations. Other drummers line up behind in an organized fashion, with informal participants, dancers and spectators following the procession or watching from the stands. The beating of the largest and lowest drums is distinguished by the three adjacent areas, so that the organized call and response structure of the gombe movement can both unite the community and represent their respective identities. With the inheritance of African American families, gondolbe became a recognized form of resistance, a Uruguayan celebration of music and a collective social activity deeply intertwined with daily life in these regions. It is also a symbol and expression of the memory of social groups. On special days, the former residents can recall the historical significance of the drum of gondong-bei.

 

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