在离爱沙尼亚海岸不远的波罗的海的基努和曼尼贾等小岛上,居住着一个600人的群体。数世纪以来,岛上的传统文化表达形式和农业传统被保存了下来,应主要归功于岛上的女性人口。在这座小岛上有居民以来,基努岛民一直保存着这样的习俗:男人们都出海去捕海豹和捕鱼,女人们则留在岛上种地和料理家务。由于丈夫、儿子和兄弟们长期出海,基努的妇女们便成了基努传统文化的主要传承者。基努文化传统体现在大量的歌曲、游戏、舞蹈、结婚庆典和手工艺制品上,以口授的形式世代相传。
歌唱是集体手工活动和庆祝宗教节日中的首选,如6月23日的圣•约翰节、11月25日的圣•凯瑟琳节或圣诞节。在岛屿居民保留的音乐曲目中,尤其值得注意的是源自教之前的口头传统,人们称作鲁文歌或卡勒瓦拉歌。基努文化最明显的特征体现在妇女们穿戴的羊毛手工制品上。在她们的家中,她们用传统的织机和当地的羊毛织出手套、袜子、裙子和衬衫。这些织品色彩绚丽,有鲜艳条纹和复杂的刺绣图案。这些衣物的许多象征性图案和颜色源自古老的传说,而这些传说又在民歌和诗歌中重现。除了其独特的手工艺品、口头和音乐传统,基努文化同时体现在其丰富的文化和自然遗产的相互联系上。时至今日,两座小岛上有特色的景致(如半自然状态的草地、松林和海岸沙地)仍然相对保留完整。

On small islands such as Keanu and Manny in the Baltic Sea, not far from the coast of Estonia, there is a group of 600 people living. Over the centuries, traditional forms of cultural expression and agricultural traditions on the island have been preserved, thanks largely to the female population of the island. Since there were residents on the island, Kenu has kept the custom that men go out to sea to catch seals and fish, while women stay on the island to farm and do housework. As husbands, sons and brothers went out to sea for a long time, the women of Keanu became the main inheritors of the traditional culture of the foundation. The cultural tradition of Keanu is embodied in a large number of songs, games, dances, wedding celebrations and handicraft products, passed down from generation to generation in the form of dictation. Singing is the first choice in group handmade activities and celebrations of religious festivals, such as the St. John Festival of June 23, the St. of November 25 or Christmas Day. of the music repertoire reserved by the islanders, it is particularly noteworthy that it comes from the oral tradition before Christianity, known as the Ruven song or the Kahler song. The most obvious features of Keanu culture are reflected in the wool artifacts worn by women. In their homes, they weave gloves, socks, skirts and shirts with traditional looms and local wool. These fabrics are colourful, with bright stripes and intricate embroidery patterns. Many of the symbolic patterns and colors of these clothes are derived from ancient legends, which are repeated in folk songs and poems. In addition to its unique handicraft, oral and musical traditions, Keanu culture is reflected in the interconnectedness of its rich cultural and natural heritage. Today, distinctive landscapes (such as semi-natural meadows, pine forests and coastal sandy lands) on two small islands remain relatively intact.

 

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