在阿拉西塔的拉巴斯,从1月24日开始,持续两到三周的仪式之旅中,参与者购买了与该市仁慈的生育之神Ekeko有关的“好运”微型模型。这些活动首先是寻找和获得这些微缩模型,然后是与不同的安第斯仪式主义者一起献祭,或者得到天主教会的祝福。这些微型画获得了新的意义,因为个体赋予了他们信仰,让他们的愿望成真。人们还交换微缩模型来象征性地还债。承载者和实践者包括广泛的利益相关者社区,城市居民参与其中,无论其社会地位如何。这种做法促进了社会凝聚力和代际传递,改善了家庭内部关系。捐款和偿还债务的重要性,即使是象征性的,也降低了个人乃至社会阶层之间的紧张关系。阿拉西塔仪式主要在家庭内部自然传播,孩子们在旅途中陪伴父母。保护阿拉西塔的努力一直在继续,主要依靠民间社会。音乐学院和博物馆展览提高了人们对某些阿拉西塔主题的认识,并组织了市政竞赛,以鼓励微缩模型的手工制作和发展创造力,参与者人数不断增加。

2017年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

During the ritual journeys in La Paz during Alasita, which begin on 24 January and last two or three weeks, participants procure ‘good luck’ miniatures associated with Ekeko, the city’s beneficent god of fertility. The activities begin with the search for and acquisition of the miniatures, followed by their consecration with the different Andean ritualists or their blessing by the Catholic Church. The miniatures acquire a new meaning since the individuals have vested them with faith, allowing their wishes to come true. People also exchange the miniatures to symbolically pay debts. The bearers and practitioners include a broad community of stakeholders, and inhabitants of the city participate irrespective of their social status. The practice promotes social cohesion and intergenerational transmission and improves intra-family relationships. The importance granted to donations and the payment of debts, even if symbolic, also lowers tensions between individuals and even social classes. Alasita rituals are primarily transmitted naturally within families, with children accompanying their parents during the journey. Efforts to safeguard Alasita have been continuous and depend mainly on civil society. Conservatories and museum exhibitions have raised awareness about certain Alasita themes, and municipal contests are organized to encourage the craft production of the miniatures and develop creativity, enjoying an ever-increasing number of participants.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2017.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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