多米尼加塔的音乐和舞蹈是一种可舞动的音乐表达,源于节奏波莱罗与其他反安乐死风格的融合,如儿子、查查、梅伦格等。多米尼加人民认为巴卡塔的音乐和舞蹈是一种乡土文化表现。在社区庆典和社交聚会中无处不在。总的来说,巴查塔的歌词表达了深深的、发自内心的爱、和之情。从词源上来说,“bachata”一词被认为起源于非洲,最初指的是一次活跃的聚会或聚会,而不是一种特定的音乐类型。巴查塔的演奏传统上需要一小群音乐家,他们使用一两把吉他作为主要乐器(如今广泛使用电吉他),以及由邦戈、马拉卡斯和贝斯伴奏的吉罗组成的打击乐器。音乐每节拍有四个节奏,通常由一位音乐家担任主唱。巴查塔的舞蹈同样充满,由一对夫妇的舞蹈组成,其特点是的臀部运动和简单的八步结构。由于这一元素是多米尼加共和国所有传统庆祝活动的组成部分,舞蹈从很小的时候就开始自发学习,但也有100多所学院、工作室和学校致力于它的传播。

2019年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

The music and dance of Dominican Bachata is a danceable musical expression, deriving from a fusion of rhythmic bolero with other Afro-Antillean genres such as Son, the Cha-cha-cha, Merengue, etc. The Dominican people consider the music and dance of Bachata as a vernacular cultural manifestation, omnipresent in community celebrations and social gatherings. In general, the lyrics of Bachata express deep, visceral feelings of love, passion and nostalgia. Etymologically, the term ‘bachata’, presumed to be of African origin, originally referred to a lively gathering or party, rather than a musical genre specifically. For its performance, Bachata traditionally requires a small group of musicians, who use one or two guitars as lead instruments (electric guitars are widely used nowadays), and a percussion composed of bongos, maracas and a guiro accompanied by a bass. The music has four tempos per beat and usually one of the musicians is the lead singer. The dance of Bachata is equally passionate, consisting of a couple’s dance characterized by a sensual hip movement and simple eight-step structure. Since the element is an integral part of all traditional celebrations in the Dominican Republic, the dance is learnt spontaneously from a young age, but there are also over a hundred academies, studios and schools dedicated to its transmission.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2019.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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