Sinjska Alka是一项骑士比赛,自18世纪以来,每年都在Cetinska krajina地区的Sinj镇举行。在比赛期间,骑士们骑着马在一条主要街道上疾驰,用长矛瞄准挂在绳子上的铁环。锦标赛的名称来源于这个阿尔卡或戒指,这个词的土耳其起源反映了两个不同文明之间的历史共存和文化交流。1833年制定的比赛规则促进了道德和公平竞争,并强调了参与社区生活的重要性。参与者必须是Sinj和Cetinska krajina地区当地家庭的成员。整个社区帮助制作、保存、修复和重建武器、衣服和配件,以支持传统的延续。这项赛事还与当地的宗教习俗、社交聚会、探亲以及在家中和户外举行的庆祝活动交织在一起。Sinjska Alka是中世纪骑士比赛中仅存的一个例子,直到19世纪,这种比赛一直在克罗地亚沿海城镇举行。它已经成为当地历史的一个标志,以及将集体记忆从一代人传递到另一代人的媒介。

2010年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

The Sinjska Alka is a chivalric tournament that takes place annually, as it has since the 18th century, in the town of Sinj, in the Cetinska krajina region. During the contest, knights ride horses at full gallop along a main street, aiming lances at an iron ring hanging on a rope. The name of the tournament derives from thisalkaor ring, a word whose Turkish origin reflects the historical co-existence and cultural exchange between two different civilizations. The tournament rules, codified in a 1833 statute, promote ethics and fair play, and stress the importance of participation in community life. Participants must be members of local families of Sinj and the Cetinska krajina region. The whole community helps to make, conserve, restore and reconstruct weapons, clothes and accessories to support the continuation of the tradition. The tournament is also entwined with local religious practices, social gatherings, family visits and festivities at home and in the open air. The Sinjska Alka is the only remaining example of the medieval knightly competitions that were regularly held in the Croatian coastal towns until the nineteenth century. It has become a marker of local history and a medium for transferring collective memory from one generation to another.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2010.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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