在阿拉伯社会,供应阿拉伯咖啡是待客的一个重要方面,被认为是一种仪式上的慷慨行为。传统上,咖啡是在客人面前准备的。咖啡的制作从挑选咖啡豆开始,咖啡豆在浅盘中放在火上轻轻烘烤,然后放入铜臼中,用铜杵捣碎。咖啡渣被放入一个大的铜咖啡壶中;加水,把锅放在火上。煮好后,倒入一个较小的咖啡壶中,然后倒入小杯子中。最重要或最年长的客人先上菜,装满杯子的四分之一,然后再装满。通常的做法是至少喝一杯,但不超过三杯。阿拉伯咖啡由来自社会各阶层的男性和女性制作和享用,尤其是在家中。在阿拉伯部落,咖啡店的老板和酋长们被认为是主要的咖啡店老板和酋长。通过观察和实践,知识和传统在家庭中得以传承。年轻的家庭成员也会陪他们的长辈去市场学习如何挑选最好的咖啡豆。

2015年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

Serving Arabic coffee is an important aspect of hospitality in Arab societies and considered a ceremonial act of generosity. Traditionally, coffee is prepared in front of guests. Coffee-making begins with the selection of beans, which are lightly roasted in a shallow pan over a fire, then placed into a copper mortar and pounded with a copper pestle. The coffee grounds are placed into a large copper coffee pot; water is added and the pot is placed on the fire. Once brewed, it is poured into a smaller coffee pot from which it is poured into small cups. The most important or oldest guest is served first, filling a quarter of the cup, which can then be refilled. Common practice is to drink at least one cup but not exceed three. Arabic coffee is made and enjoyed by men and women from all segments of society, particularly in the home. The sheikhs and heads of tribes who serve Arabic coffee in their meeting spaces, elderly Bedouin men and women and owners of coffee trading shops are considered the main bearers. Knowledge and traditions are passed on within the family through observation and practice. Young family members also accompany their elders to the market to learn how to select the best coffee beans.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2015.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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