阿塞拜疆阿什克艺术将诗歌、讲故事、舞蹈、声乐和器乐融入传统表演艺术,成为阿塞拜疆文化的象征。古典曲目包括200首歌曲、150首被称为达斯坦的文学音乐作品、近2000首不同传统诗歌形式的诗歌和众多故事。这些地区性的变化可能包括其他乐器,但都是由一种共同的民族语言和艺术史结合起来的。阿什克人在高加索地区参加婚礼、友好派对和节日活动,并出现在音乐会舞台、广播和电视上,有时他们会将古典音乐与当代音乐相结合,继续重现自己的曲目。他们的艺术被认为是民族身份的象征,是阿塞拜疆语言、文学和音乐的守护者。尽管阿什克人代表着一个民族的意识,但他们也有助于促进文化交流和对话:库尔德人、勒智人、塔利什人、塔特人和其他居住在该国的少数民族经常表演阿什克人的艺术,他们的诗歌和歌曲已在该地区传播。

2009年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

The art of Azerbaijani Ashiqs combines poetry, storytelling, dance and vocal and instrumental music into a traditional performance art that stands as a symbol of Azerbaijani culture. Characterized by the accompaniment of thesaz,a stringed musical instrument, the classical repertoire includes 200 songs, 150 literary-musical compositions known asdastans,nearly 2,000 poems in different traditional poetic forms and numerous stories. The regional variations may include other musical instruments, but all are united by a common national language and artistic history. Ashiqs take part in weddings, friendly parties and festive events throughout the Caucasus and appear on concert stages, radio and television, sometimes synthesizing classical melodies with contemporary ones as they continue to recreate their repertoire. Their art is considered an emblem of national identity and the guardian of Azerbaijani language, literature and music. Even as Ashiqs represent the consciousness of a people, they also help to promote cultural exchange and dialogue: Kurds, Lezhins, Talishes, Tats and other ethnic groups living in the country often perform the Ashiqs’ art, and their poems and songs have spread across the region.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2009.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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