克罗地亚南部达尔马提亚腹地的社区实行尼杰莫科洛。尼杰莫·科洛在一个封闭的圈子里表演,男舞者以充满活力的、自发的步伐引导女舞伴——男舞者公开测试他的女舞伴的技能,似乎没有明确的规则。舞步和舞姿通常生气勃勃,令人印象深刻,取决于参与者的情绪和愿望。无声圆圈舞的主要特点是,它只在没有音乐的情况下表演,尽管在舞蹈之前或之后可能会有声乐或器乐表演。尼杰莫·科洛(Nijemo Kolo)传统上在嘉年华会、集市、宴会日和婚礼上表演,是年轻男女见面和相互了解的一种方式。Nijemo Kolo在不同村庄的表现差异也是居民区分身份的一种方式。这种舞蹈代代相传,尽管这种情况越来越多地发生在动作已被标准化的文化俱乐部。然而,达尔马提亚腹地的一些村庄保留了自发的台阶和人物表演。如今,尼杰莫·科洛主要由乡村表演团体在当地、地区或国际节日、当地表演、嘉年华会或教区教堂的圣日表演。

2011年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

The Nijemo Kolo is practised by communities in the Dalmatian hinterland, in southern Croatia. Nijemo Kolo is performed in a closed circle with male dancers leading female partners in energetic, spontaneous steps – the male dancer publicly testing the skills of his female partner, seemingly without defined rules. The steps and figures, often vigorous and impressive, depend on the mood and desire of the participants. The defining feature of the silent circle dance is that it is performed exclusively without music, although vocal or instrumental performances may precede or follow the dance. Nijemo Kolo is traditionally performed at carnivals, fairs, feast days and weddings, and acts as a way for young women and men to meet and get to know each other. Differences in the performance of the Nijemo Kolo from one village to another are also a way for the residents to distinguish their identities. The dance is transmitted from generation to generation, although increasingly this occurs through cultural clubs where its movements have been standardized. Some villages of the Dalmatian hinterland, however, preserve the spontaneous performance of steps and figures. Today, Nijemo Kolo is mostly danced by village performing groups at local, regional or international festivals and at local shows, carnivals or on the saint days of their parish church.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2011.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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