蒙古人尊崇家畜的某些骨骼,并将其用于宗教仪式、戏剧和传统游戏。其中一个流行的团队游戏是指骨射击。由六到八人组成的团队,将三十块类似多米诺骨牌的大理石板在光滑的木质表面上弹向一个羊指骨的目标,目的是将它们击入目标区域,同时射手们唱着传统指骨射击旋律和歌曲。每个射击手都拥有自己制作的射击工具和工具,并穿着根据他们的级别和优点而具有显著特征的服装。团队成员之间有紧密的联系,并遵循相互尊重和尊严的道德规则。与指节骨射击相关的仪式、知识、技能、技术和专业知识,以及工具、配件和设备的工艺,都是通过学徒制传授的。Knuckle – bone shooting 提供了一个良好的环境,每个成员通过支持和学习他人,为团队的成功、社会福祉和发展做出贡献。这个传统使来自不同背景的团队成员更加紧密地团结在一起,鼓励他们相互交流,尊重长者和彼此,并提高他们的社会凝聚力。

2014年度列入人类非物质文化遗产名录。

来源:联合国教科文组织亚太地区非物质文化遗产国际培训中心

 

Mongolians revere certain parts of bones of their domestic livestock and use them in religious rites, plays and traditional games. One such popular team-based game is knuckle-bone shooting. Teams of six to eight players flick thirty domino-like marble tablets on a smooth wooden surface towards a target of sheep knuckle-bones, aiming to knock them into a target zone, while shooters sing traditional knuckle-bone shooting melodies and songs. Each shooter possesses individually crafted shooting tools and instruments, and wears costumes embossed with distinguished characteristics depending on their rank and merits. Team members are tied by close bonds and follow ethical rules of mutual respect and dignity. The rituals, knowledge, skills, technique and expertise associated with knuckle-bone shooting, as well as the craftsmanship of tools, accessories and equipment, are transmitted through apprenticeship. Knuckle-bone shooting provides a favourable environment in which each member contributes to the team’s success, social well-being and development by supporting and learning from others. The tradition brings team members from different backgrounds closer together, encourages their interaction and respect towards elders and one another, and improves their social cohesion.

Included in the list of human intangible cultural heritage in 2014.

Source: UNESCO International Training Center for intangible cultural heritage in the Asia Pacific Region

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