农乐是韩国社会为了祈求村庄共同体的融合及村民的平安而演奏的,是整个韩国的代表性民族艺术。它是一种在锣、长鼓、鼓、小鼓等打击乐器的合奏下行进或跳舞、演戏的综合艺术。

农乐经常在祭祀村神或农神,驱除厄运及祈福,春天祈求丰收,秋天庆祝丰收等韩国人的生活中出现,在共同体的各种活动中演奏,发挥着助兴及令人们融合及团结的作用。

农乐中经常使用韩国人喜欢的3小拍和混拍、混小拍等不均等结构的复杂节拍。手锣和长鼓演奏主要节拍,而锣和鼓则通过单纯的节拍来为音乐制造强弱。农乐的另一个看点是农乐舞,有缠绕黄、蓝、绿三色带子或穿着华丽服装跳的个人舞及团体展现的排列阵型、象毛帽舞与单项乐器舞等。

演戏由戴假面或穿戴特别的“杂色”们来表演,还同时展现舞童游戏或转碟等技艺。

农乐由反映各共同体美感的文化发展而来,因此每个村庄各不相同,地区特征鲜明,分为武大力(京畿、忠清)、岭东(江原)、岭南、湖南左道、湖南右道等5个文化圈进行介绍。

反映这一多样性、被指定为韩国重要无形文化财的农乐现共6个种类,分别为晋州•三千浦农乐(11-1)、平泽农乐(11-2)、裡里农乐(11-3)、江陵农乐(11-4)、任实笔峰农乐(11-5)、求礼潺水农乐(11-6)

农乐一年到头以各种形态和目的在许多活动场所表演,为表演者和参与者提供了认同性,为人类的创意力与文化多样性作出贡献,促进了韩国内外各种共同体之间的对话,为提高无形文化遗产的可视性作出贡献,这一点受到肯定,于20141127日被列入联合国教科文组织的人类无形遗产名录。

Agricultural music is played by Korean society in order to pray for the integration of the village community and the peace of the villagers. It is the representative national art of the whole Republic of Korea. It is a comprehensive art of marching, dancing and performing under the ensemble of percussion instruments such as gongs, long drums, drums and small drums.

Agricultural music often appears in the life of Korean people, such as sacrificing village gods or gods of agriculture, dispelling bad luck and praying for good luck, praying for harvest in spring, celebrating harvest in autumn, etc. It plays a role in various activities of the community, helping people to integrate and unite.

In agricultural music, the complex beats with unequal structures, such as 3-beat, mix-beat and mix-beat, which Korean people like, are often used. The main rhythm of gongs and drums is played, while gongs and drums make music strong and weak by simple rhythm. Another aspect of farm music is farm music and dance, including individual dances with yellow, blue and green ribbons or dancing in gorgeous clothes, and group arrangements, such as furry hat dance and single instrumental dance.

Performances are performed by people wearing masks or special colorful clothes, and also show skills such as dancing childrens games or turntables.

Agricultural music is developed from the culture reflecting the aesthetic feeling of each community. Therefore, each village is different and has distinct regional characteristics. It is divided into five cultural circles: Wu Dali (capital city, Zhongqing), Lingdong (Jiangyuan), Lingnan, Hunan Zuo Dao and Hunan Youdao.

There are six types of Nonglue, which reflect this diversity and are designated as important intangible cultural wealth in Korea, namely Jinzhou Sanqianpu Nonglue (No. 11-1), Pingze Nonglue (No. 11-2), Moli Nonglue (No. 11-3), Jiangling Nonglue (No. 11-4), Renshi Bifeng Nonglue (No. 11-5), Qiuli Fengshui Nonglue (No. 11-6).

Agricultural performances in various forms and purposes throughout the year in many venues have provided identity for performers and participants, contributed to human creativity and cultural diversity, promoted dialogue between various communities inside and outside Korea, and contributed to enhancing the visibility of intangible cultural heritage, which was affirmed and included in UNESCO on November 27, 2014. A list of the intangible heritage of humankind of the Cultural Organization.

 

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