贝都人是半定居的游牧民族,他们居住在约旦南部接近佩特拉和维地拉姆遗址的地区,那里属于半干旱的高原和沙漠地区,这种环境使他们过着定居与游牧两者互补的生活。
许多贝都人部落仍然在接近佩特拉的地区使用“那巴提恩”:一种蓄水池和凹洞。佩特拉东南部的维地拉姆座落于宽广干旱的牧场上。今天,许多半定居的贝都人社区继承了这个地区的传统,仍然保持着鲜活的、传统的游牧文化和相关的知识技能。这在阿拉伯世界中被视为寻常,然而佩特拉和维地拉姆的贝都人,在特殊的气候和地理条件下,与定居社会经常接触,其特殊知识涉及该地区的植物和动物、传统医药、骆驼饲养、帐篷工艺、跟踪和爬行技术、咖啡制作和待客仪式等。贝都人创造了广博的有关生活环境的知识、杰出的文化、复杂的道德和社会规范,所有这些都以口头形式得以表达和传播。
贝都人与自然环境的关系密切,在此基础上产生的丰富的神话以多样的口头表达形式得以表现。这些形式包括诗歌、民间故事、地区命名、歌曲以及故事讲述。有些口头表达形式属于整个贝都民族。佩特拉和维地拉姆的贝都文化之特殊是与地域和历史紧密相关的。

 

The Bedou are semi-settled nomads living in the southern part of Jordan near the ruins of Petra and Vidilam, which belong to semi-arid plateau and desert areas. This environment makes them live a complementary life of settlement and nomadism.

Many Bedou tribes still use Nabatian, a reservoir and cave, in areas close to Petra. Vidilam, southeast of Petra, is located on a wide, arid pasture. Today, many semi-settled Bedou communities inherit the traditions of the region and still maintain a lively, traditional nomadic culture and related knowledge and skills. This is considered common in the Arab world, but the Bedou of Petra and Vidilam are often exposed to settled societies under special climatic and geographical conditions. Their special knowledge covers plants and animals, traditional medicine, camel raising, tent craftsmanship, tracking and crawling techniques, coffee making and hospitality ceremonies in the region. The Bedous created a wide range of knowledge about the living environment, outstanding culture, complex ethics and social norms, all of which were expressed and disseminated orally.

Bedou people are closely related to the natural environment, and the rich myths produced on this basis can be expressed in various oral forms. These forms include poetry, folk tales, region naming, songs and story telling. Some oral expressions belong to the whole Bedou nation. The Bedou culture of Petra and Vidilam is closely related to region and history.

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